cbe

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
GBP
62.1019
63.3439
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
CHF
54.1489
55.2319
,
SEK
4.6487
4.7417
,
NOK
4.9112
5.0094
,
DKK
6.8036
6.9397
,
DJF
0.2949
0.3008
,
JPY
0.355
0.3621
,
CAD
35.7798
36.4954
,
SAR
12.7797
13.0353
,
AED
13.0803
13.3419
,
XAF
0.012
0.0122
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
32.6996
33.3536
,
SDR
,
ZAR
,
CNY
6.9042
7.0423
,
KWD
165.1794
168.483

awash

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
GBP
65.0282
66.3288
,
CAD
39.5357
40.3264
,
AED
14.4534
14.7425
,
CHF
56.7004
57.8344

abyssinia

USD
52.8333
53.89
,
GBP
57.1462
58.2891
,
EUR
52.0831
53.1248
,
AED
13.0173
13.2776
,
NOK
4.525
4.6155
,
SAR
12.7148
12.9691
,
SEK
4.287
4.3727
,
CAD
34.7916
35.4874

abay

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
GBP
65.0282
66.3288
,
CHF
56.7004
57.8344
,
AUD
36.1321
36.8547
,
AED
14.4534
14.7425
,
CNY
7.629
7.7816
,
DKK
7.5178
7.6682
,
DJF
0.2949
0.3008
,
INR
0.6485
0.6615
,
JPY
0.3922
0.4
,
KES
0.4
0.4409
,
NOK
5.4267
5.5352
,
SAR
14.1212
3.1433
,
ZAR
3.0817
3.1277
,
SEK
5.1367
5.2394
,
SDR
70.5229
71.9334

zemen

CAD
39.5064
40.2965
,
EUR
55.332
56.4386
,
GBP
64.4691
65.7585
,
SEK
5.0667
5.168
,
USD
53.061
54.1222

buna

nib

berhan

wegagen

USD
53.0774
54.1389
,
GBP
62.1396
63.3824
,
EURO
55.8693
56.9867
,
CAD
35.7404
36.4552
,
AUD
32.7503
33.4053
,
CHF
53.6594
54.7326
,
SEK
4.5906
4.6824
,
NOK
4.8276
4.9242
,
DKK
6.7205
6.8549
,
DJF
0.2947
0.3006
,
INR
0.6494
0.6624
,
KSH
0.433
0.4417
,
JPY
0.3471
0.354
,
SAR
12.7667
13.022
,
AED
13.0617
13.3229
,
ZAR
3.1723
3.2357
,
CNY
6.7196
6.854
,
KWD
164.7021
167.9961

dgb

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
GBP
65.0282
66.3288
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
CHF
56.7004
57.8344
,
CAD
39.5357
40.3264
,
AUD
36.1321
36.8547
,
SEK
5.1367
5.2394
,
NOK
5.4267
5.5352
,
DKK
7.5178
7.6682
,
DJF
0.2949
0.3008
,
INR
0.6485
0.6615
,
KSH
0.4323
0.4409
,
JPY
0.3922
0.4
,
SAR
14.1212
14.4036
,
AED
14.4534
14.7425
,
ZAR
3.0817
3.1433
,
CNY
7.629
7.7816
,
KWD
172.9627
176.422

enat

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
GBP
62.1019
63.3439
,
CHF
0
0
,
SEK
0
0
,
NOK
0
0
,
DKK
0
0
,
KES
0
0
,
JPY
0
0
,
DJF
0
0
,
CAD
0
0
,
AUD
0
0
,
SAR
0
0
,
AED
0
0
,
ZAR
0
0
,
CNY
0
0

addis

GBP
59.4718
60.6612
,
USD
52.1166
53.1589

nbe

KWD
126.8085
129.34467
,
CNH
5.6258
5.738316
,
ZAR
2.6751
2.728602
,
AED
9.9063
10.104426
,
SDR
57.7908
58.946616
,
EUR
48.4016
49.369632
,
CAD
28.7765
29.35203
,
AUD
28.3265
28.89303
,
JPY
0.3389
0.345678
,
SAR
9.7001
9.894102
,
INR
0.5525
0.56355
,
DJF
0.2234
0.227868
,
KES
0.3664
0.373728
,
DKK
5.8896
6.007392
,
NOK
4.2714
4.356828
,
SEK
4.3114
4.397628
,
CHF
41.5822
42.413844
,
GBP
53.539
54.60978

dashen

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
GBP
62.1019
63.3439
,
CHF
54.1489
55.2319
,
SEK
4.6487
4.7417
,
NOK
4.9112
5.0094
,
DKK
6.8036
6.9397
,
JPY
0.355
0.3621
,
CAD
35.7798
36.4954
,
SAR
12.7797
13.0353
,
AED
13.0803
13.3419
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
DJF
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
,
ZAR
,
CNY

oromia

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258
,
GBP
65.0282
66.3288
,
SAR
14.1212
14.4036
,
CHF
56.7004
57.8344
,
AED
14.4534
14.7425

lion

USD
53.0886
54.1504
,
GBP
65.0282
66.3288
,
EUR
55.9076
57.0258

coop

Extremely Anticipated Foreign Bank Entry into Ethiopia Authorized in 2022

The Ethiopian Council of Ministers as they approved foreign bank entry into the country

 

 

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Foreign bank entry into Ethiopia, long anticipated by some and feared by others, was legalized this year. The decision to liberalize the banking sector was made by the Ethiopian Council of Ministers during its 13th regular meeting held on September 03, 2022. This verdict is one item in a string of liberalization the country has been enforcing since the appointment of PM Abiy Ahmed in 2018.

 

While this novel legislation allows interested foreign investors to engage in banking services in the country, its actual implementation will necessitate the passage of new laws. Many experts speculate that this will take a couple of years, in which time local banks can better ready themselves.

 

In spite of their capacity and willingness to enter the market, international competitors have been barred from doing so for fear of creating unrivaled competition. It is true, and likely, that foreign banks will have the upper hand due to their superior technology, experience, and capital.

 

With a combined shareholder number likely does not exceed one million and the protection afforded to them by the country’s policy, the stakeholders of domestic private banks have been earning a return on equity of between 20 to 50% per annum, far more than the 10% global average. Following the entry of foreign banks, local financial institutions are sure to see a drop in revenue and profit as they lose the closed economy privilege afforded to them before.

 

Ethiopia currently has 30 local banks, a significant increase from the 18 that were in operation last year. Even so, H.E Yinager Dessie (Ph.D.), Governor of the National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE), has earlier noted that the banks’ capital fulfillment and strength, rather than their large number, is the pressing issue at hand. In accordance, NBE has increased its efforts to force mergers and acquisitions on local banks in order to ensure their survival in the face of foreign competition.

 

Although there are many fears regarding this move, the Council of Ministers put forth several rationales for their decision to let foreign banks enter the local market. Among them are:

 

  • An Influx of new technology, knowledge, and skills into the sector
  • Provision of adequate financial services and increased foreign exchange inflows
  • Creation of job opportunities for the many unemployed and underemployed youth
  • Increasing the country’s financial sector’s global competitiveness, among other things.

 

A point that confused many after the legislation was announced was in what particular way foreign banks could invest in Ethiopia. Well, according to the National Bank of Ethiopia, foreign banks can come to Ethiopia in four ways:

 

  • Opening a fully owned subsidiary
  • In a joint venture with one of the local banks
  • Opening a branch (es); or
  • Opening commercial representative Office

 

Prior to this regulation, nine foreign banks have been operating in Ethiopia since 2015, as reported by Business Info Ethiopia.

 

The movement was initiated by the state-owned Turkish bank Ziraat, which was vying to be the first foreign institution to obtain a banking license in Ethiopia that year. The European Investment Bank, Standard Bank, Deutsche Bank, Commerz Bank, KCB Bank, Bank of Africa, Export-Import Bank of India, and Equity Bank soon followed in the same footsteps.

 

Despite Ethiopia’s prohibition on full banking operations by foreign banks, such as direct lending and deposit-taking, the institutes were permitted to maintain a representative office in the country.

 

According to Afro Tender, this means that banks located in the country could not generate deposits or lend directly to Ethiopian companies and households, but they could conduct research and credit assessments to allow lending from their respective countries’ headquarters.

While this arrangement has allowed these banks to study the Ethiopian market, the time to use the data they’ve accumulated in nearly a decade has finally come with the liberal policy adopted this year.