cbe

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
SEK
4.9117
5.0099
,
NOK
4.8688
4.9662
,
DKK
7.3921
7.5399
,
DJF
0.3158
0.3221
,
JPY
0.3396
0.3464
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
XAF
0.012
0.0122
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
33.4448
34.1137
,
SDR
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.0913
7.2331
,
KWD
174.8588
178.356

awash

EUR
56.5106
57.6408
,
GBP
64.5257
65.8162
,
JPY
0.4037
0.4118
,
CHF
57.4629
58.6122
,
SAR
14.1527
14.4358

abyssinia

GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762
,
SEK
4.9117
5.0099
,
NOK
4.8688
4.9662

abay

USD
56.3677
57.4951
,
EUR
60.7418
61.9566
,
GBP
71.1248
72.5473
,
CHF
63.9815
65.2611
,
AUD
36.8476
37.5846
,
AED
15.3465
15
,
CNY
7.8307
7.9873
,
DKK
8.1483
8.3113
,
DJF
0.3157
0.322
,
INR
0.6783
0.6924
,
JPY
0.3753
0.3833
,
KES
0.3887
0.3965
,
NOK
5.365
5.4723
,
SAR
15.0294
15.33
,
ZAR
2.9677
3.0271
,
SEK
5.4037
5.5118
,
SDR
74.6759
76.1694

zemen

CAD
41.7892
42.625
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
SEK
5.4273
5.5358
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054

buna

nib

GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762

berhan

wegagen

USD
56.1663
57.2896
,
GBP
67.9979
69.3579
,
EURO
60.9124
62.1306
,
CAD
37.9021
38.6601
,
AUD
33.5177
34.1881
,
CHF
60.8664
62.0837
,
SEK
4.8361
4.9328
,
NOK
4.6333
4.726
,
DKK
7.3141
7.4604
,
DJF
0.3128
0.3191
,
INR
0.6693
0.6827
,
KSH
0.3636
0.3709
,
JPY
0.3477
0.3547
,
SAR
13.4673
13.7366
,
AED
13.7552
14.0303
,
ZAR
3.1723
3.2357
,
CNY
7.0448
7.1857
,
KWD
172.7992
176.2552

dgb

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
CHF
63.9422
65.221
,
CAD
41.7892
42.625
,
AUD
36.9556
37.6947
,
SEK
5.4273
5.5358
,
NOK
5.3799
5.4875
,
DKK
8.1681
8.3315
,
DJF
0.3158
0.3221
,
INR
0.6794
0.693
,
KSH
0.3861
0.3938
,
JPY
0.3753
0.3828
,
SAR
15.0321
15.3327
,
AED
15.3493
15.6563
,
ZAR
2.9646
3.0239
,
CNY
7.8357
7.9924
,
KWD
183.0982
186.7602

enat

addis

nbe

dashen

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
SEK
4.9117
5.0099
,
NOK
4.8688
4.9662
,
DKK
7.3921
7.5399
,
JPY
0.3396
0.3464
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
DJF
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
33.4448
34.1137
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.0913
7.2331
,
KWD
174.8588
178.356
,
AED

oromia

USD
55.4509
56.5599
,
EUR
58.7724
59.9478
,
GBP
64.394
65.6819
,
SAR
13.3775
13.6451
,
CHF
59.3141
60.5004
,
AED
13.662
13.9352

lion

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1

coop

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
SAR
15.0321
15.3327
,
AED
15.3493
15.6563

gadaa

USD
56.3677
57.4951
,
GBP
67.9242
69.2827
,
EUR
60.7418
61.9566
,
AED
13.8886
14.1664
,
SAR
13.6016
13.8736
,
CHF
61.1023
62.3243

hijra

EUR
61.5525
62.7836
,
USD
56.0843
57.206
,
GBP
71.5355
72.9662
,
AED
15.2681
15.5735
,
CAD
41.9322
42.7708
,
SAR
14.9478
15.2468

The National Bank of Ethiopia: A Quick Overview

The National Bank of Ethiopia was inaugurated in 1963 to engage in the singular task of central banking for Ethiopia. Prior to proclamation 206/1963 during the Imperial regime, the institution was engaged in the double duty of commercial and central banking. The National Bank was given considerable administrative autonomy and legal personality in addition to an increase in capital.

Headquarters of the National Bank of Ethiopia

 

The Role of National Bank of Ethiopia

The roles the National Bank performed went through a myriad of changes in tandem with changes in government administrations before settling on the market-based economic policy proclamation 83/1994

  • Manage money and credit supply and availability, as well as interest rates and other adjustments.
  • Put restrictions on gold and foreign exchange assets held in deposits by banks and other financial organizations licensed to trade in foreign exchange.
  •  Establish limitations on banks’ and other financial institutions’ net foreign exchange positions, as well as the terms and quantity of their external debt.
  •  Provide banks and other financial institutions with short and long-term refinancing options. Additionally, the proclamation augmented the Bank’s paid-up capital by ETB 20 million.

 

The Role of National Bank
The Role of National Bank

 

As of 2022, the National Bank of Ethiopia oversees the 19 banks, 18 insures, 41 microfinance institutions, and 1966 Ethiopian institutes of financial studies that exist in the country.

 

 

History of the Bank: From Inception to 2022

The long history and origination of the National Bank of Ethiopia dates back to 1905 when an agreement was reached between Emperor Menelik IIthe then ruler of Ethiopia, and Mr. Ma Gillivray, representative of the British owned National Bank of Egypt.

The pact resulted in the inauguration of the first bank in Ethiopia in Feb.16, 1906. The bank was christened as the Bank of Abyssinia and was under the full management control of the Egyptian National Bank until the Bank’s liquidation in 1931. This happened due to a number of reasons, some of which included its inefficiency and profit-driven nature.

 

Immediately following this event, Ethiopia formed the Bank of Ethiopia, the first fully-African owned bank on the continent, by an official order on August 29, 1931 with an initial capital of £750,000.

 

The bank took over the commercial duties of the former bank and continued successfully before briefly ceasing operation during the Italian invasion of 1935Upon its reinstitution, the State Bank of Ethiopia was granted the sole right of issuing currency and dealing in foreign currency while also acting as the principal commercial bank in the countryThis went on until the proclamation mentioned at the very beginning (206/1963) divided the function of commercial and central banking attributing the former to National Bank of Ethiopia and the latter to Commercial Bank of Ethiopia.

 

 

Fun fact: In contrast to the prior State Bank of Ethiopia, the new Commercial Bank of Ethiopia employed only Ethiopians.

 

However, on September 1, 1976, monetary and banking proclamation No. 99 of 1976 went into effect, defining the National Bank’s duty in accordance with the country’s socialist economic principles adopted during the Derg regime.

Logo of the Ethiopian Workers' Party
Derg Regime/ Workers’ Party of Ethiopia

 

Besides altering the role of this institution to participate actively in national planning and broad its area of regulation to include other financial institutions such as insurance institutions, credit cooperatives and investment-oriented banks, the declaration reintroduced the term Ethiopian “birr”, replacing Ethiopian dollar as the legal tender.

Only three banks remained in the finance industry left behind by the socialist-oriented government, each with a monopoly in its own marketThe National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE), the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE), and the Agricultural and Industrial Development Bank (AIDB)

 

The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) established a liberal economy system when the Derg dictatorship, which had dominated the nation for 17 years under a command economy, fell apart in 1991. This brings us back to the Monetary and Banking Proclamation of 1994 established Ethiopia’s national bank as a judicial body apart from the government and defined its chief functions listed above.

 

To read more on the National Bank of Ethiopia, it’s directives and publication, visit their official page using the link: nbe.gov.et