cbe

USD
53.5273
54.5978
,
GBP
62.6662
63.9195
,
EUR
58.516
59.6863
,
CHF
55.9713
57.0907
,
SEK
4.676
4.7695
,
NOK
4.834
4.9307
,
DKK
7.1135
7.2558
,
DJF
0.2974
0.3033
,
JPY
0.3771
0.3846
,
CAD
36.2863
37.012
,
SAR
12.909
13.1672
,
AED
13.1884
13.4522
,
XAF
0.012
0.0122
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
34.2099
34.8941
,
SDR
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.1867
7.3304
,
KWD
167.5769
170.9284

awash

abyssinia

USD
53.5273
54.5978
,
GBP
62.6662
63.9195
,
EUR
58.516
59.6863
,
AED
13.1884
13.4522
,
NOK
4.834
4.9307
,
SAR
12.909
13.1672
,
SEK
4.676
4.7695
,
CAD
36.2863
37.012

abay

USD
53.5273
54.5978
,
EUR
58.516
59.6863
,
GBP
65.6191
66.9315
,
CHF
58.6087
59.7809
,
AUD
37.801
38.557
,
AED
14.5728
14.8643
,
CNY
7.9411
8.0999
,
DKK
7.8602
8.0174
,
DJF
0.2974
0.3033
,
INR
0.6534
0.6665
,
JPY
0.4167
0.425
,
KES
0.4289
0.4375
,
NOK
5.3414
5.4482
,
SAR
14.2641
14.5494
,
ZAR
3.1204
3.1828
,
SEK
5.1669
5.2702
,
SDR
72.658
74.1112

zemen

CAD
39.7533
40.5484
,
EUR
57.8729
59.0304
,
GBP
65.2913
66.5971
,
SEK
5.081
5.1826
,
USD
53.408
54.4762

buna

nib

berhan

wegagen

USD
53.5273
54.5978
,
GBP
62.6662
63.9195
,
EURO
58.516
59.6863
,
CAD
36.2863
37.012
,
AUD
34.2099
34.8941
,
CHF
55.9713
57.0907
,
SEK
4.676
4.7695
,
NOK
4.834
4.9307
,
DKK
7.1135
7.2558
,
DJF
0.2976
0.3035
,
INR
0.6534
0.6665
,
KSH
0.4289
0.4375
,
JPY
0.3771
0.3846
,
SAR
12.909
13.1672
,
AED
13.1884
13.4522
,
ZAR
3.1723
3.2357
,
CNY
7.1867
7.3304
,
KWD
167.5769
170.9284

dgb

USD
53.501
54.571
,
GBP
65.8865
67.2042
,
EUR
58.2412
59.406
,
CHF
58.3945
59.5624
,
CAD
40.1961
41
,
AUD
37.8573
38.6144
,
SEK
5.1332
5.2359
,
NOK
5.377
5.4845
,
DKK
7.8299
7.9865
,
DJF
0.2972
0.3031
,
INR
0.653
0.6661
,
KSH
0.429
0.4376
,
JPY
0.412
0.4202
,
SAR
14.2563
14.5414
,
AED
14.5652
14.8565
,
ZAR
3.0843
3.146
,
CNY
7.9378
8.0966
,
KWD
175.2318
178.7364

enat

USD
53.1422
54.205
,
GBP
62.1342
63.3769
,
CHF
0
0
,
SEK
0
0
,
NOK
0
0
,
DKK
0
0
,
KES
0
0
,
JPY
0
0
,
DJF
0
0
,
CAD
0
0
,
AUD
0
0
,
SAR
0
0
,
AED
0
0
,
ZAR
0
0
,
CNY
0
0

addis

GBP
59.4718
60.6612
,
USD
52.1166
53.1589

nbe

KWD
126.8085
129.34467
,
CNH
5.6258
5.738316
,
ZAR
2.6751
2.728602
,
AED
9.9063
10.104426
,
SDR
57.7908
58.946616
,
EUR
48.4016
49.369632
,
CAD
28.7765
29.35203
,
AUD
28.3265
28.89303
,
JPY
0.3389
0.345678
,
SAR
9.7001
9.894102
,
INR
0.5525
0.56355
,
DJF
0.2234
0.227868
,
KES
0.3664
0.373728
,
DKK
5.8896
6.007392
,
NOK
4.2714
4.356828
,
SEK
4.3114
4.397628
,
CHF
41.5822
42.413844
,
GBP
53.539
54.60978

dashen

USD
53.5171
54.5874
,
GBP
62.9968
64.2567
,
CHF
56.1698
57.2932
,
SEK
4.6855
4.7792
,
NOK
4.8619
4.9591
,
DKK
7.151
7.294
,
JPY
0.3757
0.3832
,
CAD
36.4432
37.1721
,
SAR
12.9051
13.1632
,
AED
13.1859
13.4496
,
EUR
58.7778
59.9534
,
DJF
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
,
ZAR
,
CNY
,
AED

oromia

USD
53.3285
54.3951
,
EUR
56.7522
57.8872
,
GBP
64.2235
65.508
,
SAR
14.185
14.4687
,
CHF
57.398
58.546
,
AED
14.5198
14.8102

lion

coop

USD
53.3643
55.4316
,
GBP
64.4321
65.7207

Black Market and Its Disadvantage on Ethiopian Banks

Black Market

 

 

The black market is a business or market that functions outside official government regulations and taxation. This unauthorized “hidden” economic illegal activity commonly supports money laundering, drug trafficking, and tax evasion.

 

Banks in Ethiopia are impacted by the black market more and more nowadays. As the exchange rate increases in the black market, there will be a significant decrease in the country’s currency, an increase in the cost of borrowing, and a risk of fraud and illegal bank notes. Because there is a lack of regulation and government control, the banks are subject to money laundering and other tax fraud.

 

 

news

 

 

To combat the black market, The government set forth various actions, including anti-money laundering regulations, stepping up clients’ proper research on and its consequences, and using advanced analytics to spot suspicious activities.

 

 

In October 2022, 391 bank accounts were closed by The National Bank of Ethiopia because of illegal money transfers. In addition to this, the government sent reward money to individuals who gave information about illicit money transfers and persons engaged in the activity. The National Bank of Ethiopia governor added, “it is necessary to take administrative and legal measures against people involved in these illegal acts.”

 

 

However, The government’s restriction and regulations on exchange control lead to black markets, which adds to the current inflation. Exchange regulations could also have unexpected results that could harm society and the economy.

 

 

Suppose the National Bank of Ethiopia is only willing to meet some citizens’ demands for foreign exchange at its official exchange rate. In that case, those whose demand is refused will be willing to pay the price over the official rate.

 

 

If such chances are offered, those who earn or borrow foreign money will be tempted to sell on the black market rather than the National Bank of Ethiopia, putting the banks at risk of losing clients.

 

The Current Exchange Rate in The Black Market in Comparison with The Official Exchange Rate

 

Currency 

Official Exchange Rate 

Black Market Exchange Rate 

 

US Dollar 

57.50 ETB 96.44 ETB 
 

Euro

57.87 ETB 104.45 ETB
 

Swiss Franc

54.98 ETB 104.56 ETB
 

Australian Dollar

33.70 ETB 67.38 ETB
 

Kuwaiti Dinar

166.91 ETB 317.21 ETB
 

Swedish Krona

4.65 ETB 9.29 ETB
 

Canadian Dollar

40.09 ETB 72.22 ETB
 

Pound Sterling

65.29 ETB 118.14 ETB

 

 

The exchange rate listed above is the country’s current currency exchange rate. The Black Market Exchange Rate mainly benefits individuals with foreign currency and affects the country’s economy. The market value of the black market is increased because of inflation, recession, and some government policies.

 

A factor that makes it riskier to keep local currency is inflation, an economic occurrence that happens when the prices of goods and services grow over time. As inflation rises, the value of local currency declines, and devalued local currency has reduced purchasing power.

 

 

An economic downturn is referred to as a recession. Recessions cause businesses and individuals to cut back on spending, which lowers economic activity. When this occurs, consumers may turn to the black market to buy items that aren’t supplied through legal means.

Conclusion

 

 

Black Market is a significant threat to banks and other financial institutions. Banks are taking several measures to combat the black market, but more needs to be done to ensure that the it does not continue to threaten the financial system.