cbe

USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
CHF
61.4753
63.7048
,
SEK
4.9682
5.0676
,
NOK
4.923
5.0215
,
DKK
7.4564
7.6055
,
DJF
,
JPY
0.3272
0.3337
,
CAD
37.7982
38.5542
,
SAR
13.8141
14.0904
,
AED
14.109
14.3912
,
XAF
0.012
0.0122
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
34.5933
35.2852
,
SDR
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.1379
7.2807
,
KWD
178.3661
181.9334

awash

USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
CHF
61.4753
62.7048
,
SAR
13.8141
14.0904
,
AED
14.109
14.3912
,
CAD
37.7982
38.5542

abyssinia

GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
CHF
61.4753
62.7048
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
CAD
37.7982
38.5542
,
AED
14.109
14.3912
,
SAR
13.8141
14.0904
,
SEK
4.9682
5.0676
,
NOK
4.923
5.0215

abay

USD
56.5376
57.6684
,
EUR
61.7956
63.0315
,
GBP
72.289
73.7348
,
CHF
64.3716
65.659
,
AUD
37.3657
38.113
,
AED
15.3911
15.6989
,
CNY
7.8594
8.0166
,
DKK
8.2877
8.4535
,
DJF
0.3166
0.3229
,
INR
0.6826
0.6963
,
JPY
0.3821
0.3897
,
KES
0.4082
0.4164
,
NOK
5.3785
5.4861
,
SAR
15.0739
15.3754
,
ZAR
3.0306
3.0912
,
SEK
5.5156
5.6259
,
SDR
78.118
79.6804

zemen

CAD
41.6356
42.4683
,
EUR
61.3505
62.5775
,
GBP
72.5868
74.0385
,
SEK
5.426
5.5345
,
USD
57.2406
58.3854

buna

nib

GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
CHF
61.4753
62.7048
,
USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
CAD
37.7982
38.5542
,
AED
14.109
14.3912
,
SAR
13.8141
14.0904

berhan

wegagen

dgb

USD
57.1651
58.3084
,
GBP
73.1806
74.6442
,
EUR
61.3553
62.5824
,
CHF
63.7221
64.9965
,
CAD
41.5052
42.3353

enat

USD
57.2406
58.3854
,
GBP
72.5868
74.0385
,
CHF
64.4819
65.7715
,
SEK
5.1879
5.2917
,
NOK
5.1733
5.2768
,
DKK
8.1014
8.2634
,
KES
0.4271
0.4356
,
JPY
0.3673
0.3746
,
DJF
0.3181
0.3245
,
CAD
41.1312
41.9538
,
AUD
36.4897
37.2195
,
SAR
15.1424
15.4452
,
AED
15.5162
15.8261
,
ZAR
2.9861
3.0458
,
CNY
7.846
8.0029

addis

nbe

USD
57.2653
57.838
,
GBP
72.6811
72.7098
,
CHF
64.372
64.4009
,
SEK
5.4897
5.4913
,
NOK
5.4398
5.4407
,
DKK
8.2391
8.2396
,
DJF
0.3207
0.3225
,
INR
0.6848
0.6849
,
KES
0.4439
0.4474
,
JPY
0.3616
0.3616
,
CAD
41.766
41.7873
,
AUD
38.2246
38.2475
,
SAR
15.2642
15.265
,
AED
15.59
15.5909
,
EUR
61.4457
61.4686
,
XDR
75.447
75.447
,
ZAR
3.1652
3.1657
,
CNY
7.8872
7.8873
,
KWD
186.7708
186.828

dashen

USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
CHF
61.4753
62.7048
,
SEK
4.9682
5.0676
,
NOK
4.923
5.02146
,
DKK
7.4564
7.6055
,
JPY
0.3272
0.3337
,
CAD
37.7982
38.5542
,
SAR
13.8141
14.0904
,
AED
14.109
14.3912
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
DJF
0
0
,
INR
0
0
,
KES
0
0
,
AUD
34.5933
35.2852
,
ZAR
0
0
,
CNY
7.1379
7.2807
,
KWD
178.3661
181.9334
,
AED

oromia

USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
GBP
72.6811
74.1347
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
CHF
64.372
65.6594
,
SAR
15.2642
15.5695
,
AED
15.59
15.9018

lion

coop

USD
57.2406
58.3854
,
GBP
72.5868
74.0385
,
EUR
61.3505
62.5775
,
AED
15.5825
15.8942
,
SAR
15.2556
15.5607

gadaa

USD
57.0384
58.1792
,
GBP
69.4569
70.846
,
EUR
91.9494
63.1884
,
AED
14.0523
14.3333
,
SAR
13.7631
14.0384
,
CHF
59.61
60.8022

hijra

amhara

tsehay

USD
57.2406
58.3854
,
GBP
69.3204
70.7068
,
EUR
61.3505
62.5775
,
CAD
37.6802
38.4338
,
SAR
13.8063
14.0824
,
AED
14.1022
14.3842

tsedey

USD
57.2653
58.4106
,
EUR
61.4457
62.6746
,
GBP
69.4105
70.7987
,
AED
14.109
14.3912

Black Market and Its Disadvantage on Ethiopian Banks in 2023

Blackmarket and Its Disadvantages

The black market is a business or market that functions outside official government regulations and taxation. This unauthorized “hidden” economic illegal activity commonly supports money laundering (like dollar to birr black market), drug trafficking, and tax evasion.

Banks in Ethiopia are impacted by the black market more and more nowadays. As the exchange rate increases in the black market, there will be a significant decrease in the country’s currency, an increase in the cost of borrowing, and a risk of fraud and illegal bank notes. Because there is a lack of regulation and government control, the banks are subject to money laundering and other tax fraud.

To combat the black market, The government set forth various actions, including anti-money laundering regulations, stepping up clients’ proper research on and its consequences, and using advanced analytics to spot suspicious activities.

In October 2022, 391 bank accounts were closed by The National Bank of Ethiopia because of illegal money transfers. In addition to this, the government sent reward money to individuals who gave information about illicit money transfers and persons engaged in the activity. The National Bank of Ethiopia governor added, “it is necessary to take administrative and legal measures against people involved in these illegal acts.”

However, The government’s restriction and regulations on exchange control lead to black markets, which adds to the current inflation. Exchange regulations could also have unexpected results that could harm society and the economy.

Suppose the National Bank of Ethiopia is only willing to meet some citizens’ demands for foreign exchange at its official exchange rate. In that case, those whose demand is refused will be willing to pay the price over the official rate.

If such chances are offered, those who earn or borrow foreign money will be tempted to sell on the black market rather than the National Bank of Ethiopia, putting the banks at risk of losing clients.

The Current Exchange Rate in The Black Market in Comparison with The Official Exchange Rate

Currency 

Official Exchange Rate 

Black Market Exchange Rate 

 

US Dollar 

57.50 ETB 96.44 ETB 
 

Euro

57.87 ETB 104.45 ETB
 

Swiss Franc

54.98 ETB 104.56 ETB
 

Australian Dollar

33.70 ETB 67.38 ETB
 

Kuwaiti Dinar

166.91 ETB 317.21 ETB
 

Swedish Krona

4.65 ETB 9.29 ETB
 

Canadian Dollar

40.09 ETB 72.22 ETB
 

Pound Sterling

65.29 ETB 118.14 ETB

 

The exchange rate listed above is the country’s current currency exchange rate. The Black Market Exchange Rate mainly benefits individuals with foreign currency and affects the country’s economy. The market value of the black market is increased because of inflation, recession, and some government policies.

A factor that makes it riskier to keep local currency is inflation, an economic occurrence that happens when the prices of goods and services grow over time. As inflation rises, the value of local currency declines, and devalued local currency has reduced purchasing power.

An economic downturn is referred to as a recession. Recessions cause businesses and individuals to cut back on spending, which lowers economic activity. When this occurs, consumers may turn to the black market to buy items that aren’t supplied through legal means.

Conclusion

Black Market is a significant threat to banks and other financial institutions. Banks are taking several measures to combat the black market, but more needs to be done to ensure that the it does not continue to threaten the financial system.