cbe

USD
56.3942
57.5221
,
GBP
67.8914
69.2492
,
EUR
60.8775
62.0951
,
CHF
61.138
62.3608
,
SEK
4.9131
5.0114
,
NOK
4.8627
4.96
,
DKK
7.3918
7.5396
,
DJF
0.3158
0.3221
,
JPY
0.3401
0.3469
,
CAD
37.7184
38.4728
,
SAR
13.6076
13.8798
,
AED
13.8932
14.1711
,
XAF
0.012
0.0122
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
33.4291
34.0977
,
SDR
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.0975
7.2395
,
KWD
175.0012
178.5012

awash

EUR
56.5106
57.6408
,
GBP
64.5257
65.8162
,
JPY
0.4037
0.4118
,
CHF
57.4629
58.6122
,
SAR
14.1527
14.4358

abyssinia

GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762
,
SEK
4.9117
5.0099
,
NOK
4.8688
4.9662

abay

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
CHF
63.9422
65.221
,
AUD
36.9556
37.6947
,
AED
15.3493
15.6563
,
CNY
7.8357
7.9924
,
DKK
8.1681
8.3315
,
DJF
0.3158
0.3221
,
INR
0.6794
0.693
,
JPY
0.3753
0.3828
,
KES
0.3861
0.3938
,
NOK
5.3799
5.4875
,
SAR
15.0321
15.3327
,
ZAR
2.9646
3.0239
,
SEK
5.4273
5.5358
,
SDR
74.6893
76.1831

zemen

CAD
41.7892
42.625
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
SEK
5.4273
5.5358
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054

buna

nib

GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762

berhan

wegagen

USD
56.1663
57.2896
,
GBP
67.9979
69.3579
,
EURO
60.9124
62.1306
,
CAD
37.9021
38.6601
,
AUD
33.5177
34.1881
,
CHF
60.8664
62.0837
,
SEK
4.8361
4.9328
,
NOK
4.6333
4.726
,
DKK
7.3141
7.4604
,
DJF
0.3128
0.3191
,
INR
0.6693
0.6827
,
KSH
0.3636
0.3709
,
JPY
0.3477
0.3547
,
SAR
13.4673
13.7366
,
AED
13.7552
14.0303
,
ZAR
3.1723
3.2357
,
CNY
7.0448
7.1857
,
KWD
172.7992
176.2552

dgb

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
CHF
63.9422
65.221
,
CAD
41.7892
42.625
,
AUD
36.9556
37.6947
,
SEK
5.4273
5.5358
,
NOK
5.3799
5.4875
,
DKK
8.1681
8.3315
,
DJF
0.3158
0.3221
,
INR
0.6794
0.693
,
KSH
0.3861
0.3938
,
JPY
0.3753
0.3828
,
SAR
15.0321
15.3327
,
AED
15.3493
15.6563
,
ZAR
2.9646
3.0239
,
CNY
7.8357
7.9924
,
KWD
183.0982
186.7602

enat

addis

nbe

dashen

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
CHF
61.0648
62.2861
,
SEK
4.9117
5.0099
,
NOK
4.8688
4.9662
,
DKK
7.3921
7.5399
,
JPY
0.3396
0.3464
,
CAD
37.8192
38.5756
,
SAR
13.6041
13.8762
,
AED
13.8911
14.1689
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
DJF
,
INR
,
KES
,
AUD
33.4448
34.1137
,
ZAR
,
CNY
7.0913
7.2331
,
KWD
174.8588
178.356
,
AED

oromia

USD
55.4509
56.5599
,
EUR
58.7724
59.9478
,
GBP
64.394
65.6819
,
SAR
13.3775
13.6451
,
CHF
59.3141
60.5004
,
AED
13.662
13.9352

lion

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
67.791
69.1468
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1

coop

USD
56.3778
57.5054
,
GBP
70.9853
72.405
,
EUR
60.8824
62.1
,
SAR
15.0321
15.3327
,
AED
15.3493
15.6563

gadaa

USD
56.3677
57.4951
,
GBP
67.9242
69.2827
,
EUR
60.7418
61.9566
,
AED
13.8886
14.1664
,
SAR
13.6016
13.8736
,
CHF
61.1023
62.3243

hijra

EUR
61.5525
62.7836
,
USD
56.0843
57.206
,
GBP
71.5355
72.9662
,
AED
15.2681
15.5735
,
CAD
41.9322
42.7708
,
SAR
14.9478
15.2468

Black Market and Its Disadvantage on Ethiopian Banks in 2023

Blackmarket and Its Disadvantages

The black market is a business or market that functions outside official government regulations and taxation. This unauthorized “hidden” economic illegal activity commonly supports money laundering (like dollar to birr black market), drug trafficking, and tax evasion.

Banks in Ethiopia are impacted by the black market more and more nowadays. As the exchange rate increases in the black market, there will be a significant decrease in the country’s currency, an increase in the cost of borrowing, and a risk of fraud and illegal bank notes. Because there is a lack of regulation and government control, the banks are subject to money laundering and other tax fraud.

To combat the black market, The government set forth various actions, including anti-money laundering regulations, stepping up clients’ proper research on and its consequences, and using advanced analytics to spot suspicious activities.

In October 2022, 391 bank accounts were closed by The National Bank of Ethiopia because of illegal money transfers. In addition to this, the government sent reward money to individuals who gave information about illicit money transfers and persons engaged in the activity. The National Bank of Ethiopia governor added, “it is necessary to take administrative and legal measures against people involved in these illegal acts.”

However, The government’s restriction and regulations on exchange control lead to black markets, which adds to the current inflation. Exchange regulations could also have unexpected results that could harm society and the economy.

Suppose the National Bank of Ethiopia is only willing to meet some citizens’ demands for foreign exchange at its official exchange rate. In that case, those whose demand is refused will be willing to pay the price over the official rate.

If such chances are offered, those who earn or borrow foreign money will be tempted to sell on the black market rather than the National Bank of Ethiopia, putting the banks at risk of losing clients.

The Current Exchange Rate in The Black Market in Comparison with The Official Exchange Rate

Currency 

Official Exchange Rate 

Black Market Exchange Rate 

 

US Dollar 

57.50 ETB 96.44 ETB 
 

Euro

57.87 ETB 104.45 ETB
 

Swiss Franc

54.98 ETB 104.56 ETB
 

Australian Dollar

33.70 ETB 67.38 ETB
 

Kuwaiti Dinar

166.91 ETB 317.21 ETB
 

Swedish Krona

4.65 ETB 9.29 ETB
 

Canadian Dollar

40.09 ETB 72.22 ETB
 

Pound Sterling

65.29 ETB 118.14 ETB

 

The exchange rate listed above is the country’s current currency exchange rate. The Black Market Exchange Rate mainly benefits individuals with foreign currency and affects the country’s economy. The market value of the black market is increased because of inflation, recession, and some government policies.

A factor that makes it riskier to keep local currency is inflation, an economic occurrence that happens when the prices of goods and services grow over time. As inflation rises, the value of local currency declines, and devalued local currency has reduced purchasing power.

An economic downturn is referred to as a recession. Recessions cause businesses and individuals to cut back on spending, which lowers economic activity. When this occurs, consumers may turn to the black market to buy items that aren’t supplied through legal means.

Conclusion

Black Market is a significant threat to banks and other financial institutions. Banks are taking several measures to combat the black market, but more needs to be done to ensure that the it does not continue to threaten the financial system.